PREFACE
Praise to God because all of the kindness blessing so we can to complete our assignment. Thank you for all components that was supported us to finish our assignment. With finished the assignment, the writer use the many method so that can be finished the assignment.
In our assignment, explain about “ Geographic and social condition in Tomohon city “ . We arranged this assignment and use easy words, so the readers can learn about “Geographic and social condition in Tomohon city “.
We hope readers can be relax, and understand what the mean in our papers about “ Geographic and Social condition in Tomohon City “.

TABLE OF CONTENT
PREFACE …………………………………………………………………………… 2
TABLE OF CONTENT ………………………………………………………….. 3
CHAPTER 1 ………………………………………………………………………… 4
• BACKGROUND ………………………………………………………….. 4
• INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………… 5
• MAIN AND PROPOSE …………………………………………………. 6
• PROBLEMS ………………………………………………………………… 6
• WRITING METHODS ………………………………………………….. 6
CHAPTER 2 …………………………………………………………………………. 7
• DISCCUSION AND EXPERIMENT RESULT ……………………. 7
CHAPTER 3 …………………………………………………………………………. 14
• CLOSSING ………………………………………………………………….. 14
• BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………………………………………….. 15
• ATTACH …………………………………………………………………….. 16

CHAPTER 1
1.1 BACKGROUND
¬¬¬¬¬¬ Tomohon long ago been written in recent history. One of them contained in the ethnographic work of Rev. N. Graafland that when on January 14, 1864 aboard the Queen Elisabeth, she wrote about a land called Tomohon visited in about 1850. The development of civilization and the implementation of development and social dynamics from year to year making Tomohon as one of districts in Minahasa regency capital.
The cool climate is characteristic of its own in North Sulawesi Province. Biodiversity is a challenge to be explored.
The most interesting part of tourism activities in Tomohon is Tomohon Flower Festival is held every two years. At the festival there are activities that attract many tourists to come see, the Tournament of Flower (ToF).
Tomohon often held a parade to commemorate Indonesia’s independence day on August 17 and the parade attracts tourists to see the parade show. and social life is very interesting to study more deeply.
Geographic and Social Condition in Tomohon city is a part of our lesson. That teach about the Geographic and Social Condition in Tomohon city. Tomohon city is one of city in north Sulawesi and the great small town, have a good natural potensial, and have good civilian. Tomohon is a small city that has a culture that is quite unique. Tomohon also has a history of beautiful enough to be known by some people.

1.2 INTRODUCTION
Tomohon is one of the city in the province of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Prior to 2003, is one of districts in Minahasa regency. During its development, Tomohon experienced a lot of progress, so there is the aspiration of its citizens to improve the status of Tomohon become a city. Tomohon into autonomous regions (municipalities) with the passing of Act No. 10 of 2003 on the establishment of South Minahasa regency and Tomohon in North Sulawesi Province by the Parliament, but the new opening on August 4, 2003.
Since a few years ago Tomohon been written in recent history. One of them contained in the ethnographic work of Rev. N. Graafland that when on January 14, 1864 aboard the Queen Elisabeth, he wrote about a land called Tomohon visited in about 1850. The development of civilization and the implementation of development and social dynamics from year to year making Tomohon as one of the capital district in Minahasa Regency.
Early decades of the 2000s people in some parts of Minahasa regency inspirational environmental trends and aspirations of both internal and external strategic for regional expansion. Breahed wind of reform and implementation of regional autonomy policy, the people’s aspirations to accelerate the process of accommodation meant for regional expansion. Through a long process legally and deliberation in order to accelerate development of the nation for the welfare of society at large, then the District Government and the Regional Representatives Council Minahasa District recommends people’s aspirations for the establishment of South Minahasa regency, Tomohon and North Minahasa regency; supported by Provincial Government of North Sulawesi.

1.3 Mean and propose
This report will provide encouragement for younger generations to know about their culture and conserve it. We believe with read this report, people will be proud with their culture and want to know and studying it.
– To complete the assignment
– To Hold the tourists to know “Geographic and Social condition of Tomohon City”
– To know Natural Potential of tomohon City
1.4 Problems
-where location Geographic of Tomohon city
– how about Social condition of Tomohon city
– what’s the Natural Potential of Tomohon city
1.5 Writing method
The method used in this paper is descriptive method (using books and the internet as a reference material)
 GOALS

The writers write this report to fulfillment assignment about English for tourism and also to extend the knowledge about the cultural and social place. Culture is legacy from our grand-grandparents so we must conserve it.
This report will provide encouragement for younger generations to know about their culture and conserve it. May by read this report, people will be proud with their culture and want to know and studying it.
This report also provide experiences for all students in 2nd Christian senior high school of Tomohon to useful later for their assignment.
By knowing the many place in Tomohon and know the western culture, this report can usefull for many guide to guide many tourist ini Tomohon. So that the tourist can know the places interests in Tomohon.

CHAPTER 2
2.1 Discussion and experiment result
Geographic condition of Tomohon City
Tomohon is a one of City on North Sulawesi. Location of Tomohon placed in 1°15′ north latitude and 124°50′ East longitude. Now Tomohon city have five sub-district that is, north Tomohon, central Tomohon, east Tomohon, south Tomohon, and west Tomohon, And have 35 villages. Tomohon is situated at an altitude 700 – 800 meters from ocean surface, and hemmed by two vulcano mountains those are Lokon Mountain ( 1.689 m ) and Mahawu Mountain ( 1.311 m ). When day, temperature of Tomohon reach 30 Celcius degree and 23-24 Celcius degree in night.

A. Rainfall of Tomohon city
Preview rainfall monthly average during the years 1993-2004 was observed by Tondano Geophysical Station, shows the first maximum rainfall occurs in April and a second maximum occurred in November of 245 mm. While the lowest rainfall occurred in August of 98 mm. Based on the climate map for locations Tomohon climate types and the surrounding areas including climate type D1.

B. Air temperature of Tomohon city
Average air temperature monthly from month to month throughout the year is relatively small variations. Monthly average temperature reached a maximum around July and the temperature of the lowest monthly average around January. The average temperature fluctuates only between 22.02oC in January to 22.8oC.

C. Air humidity of Tomohon city
Tomohon air humidity patterns from month to month is quite high despite the dry season. Air humidity in July, August and September is greater than 80%, hence in these months the water vapor content in air is quite high.
D. Tourism Object
Tomohon have many tourism object example Lokon Mountain, Mahawu Montain, linow lake. Etc
• Lokon Mountain
Place at western with high 1.580 meter. Active flaming mountain tremendous one. Presenting mountain panorama with so crater beautiful.
• Mahawu Mountain
Lietenor contrary with Mountain Lokon, having cant that adequately landai with a high 1.311 meter. Having charming landscape, with green color crater like with yellow fumigates. This has not been an active volcano since the 16th century. Mahawu Mountain is located in Tomohon city, approximately 1 hour drive from Manado city. The word Mahawu was taken from the old Minahasan language which means dusted. The most attractive part of this mountain is the crater. This crater looks so amazing in the rainy season when almost the entire crater is filled with water and smoke is coming out from it. The best time for you to do the trekking of this mountain is very early in the morning. It would be better for you to reach the top of the mountain at 6 a.m. to see the sunrise
Linow Lake
This little lake is unique because contain tall brimstone rate this have color that goal seeking clings to viewpoint and lake lighting.

Social condition of Tomohon city
Tomohon The cool climate is characteristic of its own in North Sulawesi Province. Biodiversity is a challenge to be explored. Through one of the foundations engaged in saving the environment was performed in an expedition to search for native plants Tomohon. Having done the research expedition into the interior of Mount Masarang by Masarang Foundation in collaboration with the University of Sam Ratulangi (UNSRAT) Manado, have been found various species of flora and fauna are found only in Sulawesi. Some rare plants have now been planted in the nursery Masarang Foundation which will be made part of the new botanical garden at Mount Masarang. Botanical garden is expected to become the provider of the seed, environmental education facilities, cooperation projects and eco-tourism attraction for local and foreign tourists.

Species of flora and fauna have been found include:

* Nepenthes masarangense, Bufo celebensis (horned frogs), often referred to by locals karaksungean.
* Ficus minahassae, schefflera actinophylla which is one of the original flora Tomohon.

Population:
Population of Tomohon city reached 91.553 people and have population density around 80.169 people. In societies daily life the majority of the population Tombulu racial, but in Kinilow village there have Toutemboan racial the end of part tomohon city. Not only tribe Tombulu and Toutemboan in Tomohon city but, there have another tribes from Minahasa, north Sulawesi or from tribe in other Indonesian tribe.
Economics :
Before Tomohon as the central producers of vegetables, now it has turned to predicate Modoinding District, South Minahasa regency. But now Tomohon as the producer of flowers in North Sulawesi Province. Not only that, the location is flanked by three active volcanoes, namely: Lokon, Mahawu and Masarang make this area as a fertile area and the tourist areas because the climate was cool. Tomohon market was one the largest traditional market in Minahasa. Where sold various types of meat such as beef, pork, dog, tree rats, bats and chickens. Meat sold very fresh, because it butchered in the market. In addition, Tomohon market also sells various types of saltwater fish and freshwater fish. Because the market is more complete Tomohon, so many other traders are even special shopping at Market Tomohon come in large numbers.

Religion :
The majority of people Tomohon embraced Christianity and became the center of the spread of Protestant Christianity on the Minahasa. Office of the Central Synod of the Evangelical Christian Church in Minahasa (GMIM) which is the church was the largest in North Sulawesi, located in the city. Likewise, the Roman Catholic Church has many followers with a long history in Tomohon. Office Conference Seventh-day Adventist Church South Minahasa region Tomohon and centered in Tomohon.
Transportation
Tomohon, have many of transportation such as microbus(transportation within the city), bus(connect Tomohon with the City of Manado), and hansom(traditional public transport). Microbus usually used as a daily transportation for all the citizen. For example, the worker and student will take a microbus to go to their company. Buses usually used as the connect transportation to the other town, such as Manado, Bitung, Kotamobagu, and many more. Hansom is an unique transportation in Tomohon. The citizen used this transportation to reach the other side just in town.

Tomohon have many arts and culture for example, Dance, Music, and language.
• Dance
Tomohon have many traditional dance there are:
– Katrili dance
Dance Katrili very familiar with the tribal community Minahasa. Despite hundreds of years old, the traditional dance is still preserved, although no one knows. The dance usually performed at important events was the legacy of the Portuguese and Spanish, which were introduced as they colonize our nation’s 16th-century ago.
The dancers started dancing with a lively and cheerful faces. The dancers look so dynamic and keep the spirit, as the rhythmic nuances of country music that accompanies this dance. Minahasa tribe traditional dance is called dance Katrili.
Dances that depict the teenage promiscuity and youth Minahasa tribe, is a dance that is inherited from the Portuguese and Spanish, which had earlier in the 16th century to colonize ourcountry. Just look at the costumes worn by the dancers. Dresses and suits female dancers and male pins characterized European culture. Although this is a legacy of colonial dances, dances are always performed at every government ceremonial events or at parties held by the citizens of this, it remains preserved and maintained in Minahasa ethnic communities. In fact, this dance has become one of the main tribal dances Minahasa. In addition to often performed at the party, Portuguese and Spanish dance heritage is also always contested in schools or in various cultural festivals. Because of his age have been hundreds of years, the dance movements were heavily modified or changed according to the wishes of the instructor.
Unfortunately the rhythm of a dance music is now more use of the tape cassette or disc recordings. Whereas a few years ago a dance music is still using kolintang musical instrument, which is also one of the traditional musical instrument indigenous tribal culture of Minahasa.
– Maengket dance
Maengket is a traditional dance that originated from Minahasa (Manado), where since time immemorial to this day is still growing. Maengket already in the ground since the people of Minahasa Minahasa known mainly grow rice farming in the fields. At the time of Minahasa Ancestors People, dance maengket played only at the time of rice harvest with movements that only modest. But in today’s dance has been developed especially maengket and dance form without leaving their authenticity, especially the poem or song literature

– Kabasaran dance
Dancing with bright red clothes, the eyes bulging and wide open, a ferrocious face, accompanied by tambours while carrying a sword and sharp spear, make the kabasaran dance much different from other dances in Indonesia which usually are performed with a smile and loose and graceful movements.
This dance is a traditional Minahasa soldiers dance, which is derived from the word Wasal which means a rooster of which the comb is cut in order to make it more agressive in a cockfight.
This word Kawasalan then developed and became Kabasaran which is the concatenation of two words “Kawasal ni Sarian” “Kawasal” means accompanying and following the dance movement, whereas “Sarian” is the warlord who leads the traditional Minahasa military dance. Development of the Manado malay language then changed the letter “W” to become “B” so that the word became Kabasaran, which in reality does not have any connection with the Indonesian word “besar” (big), but in the end it became a dance for welcoming dignitaries.
In the old days the Kabasaran dancers were only dancers for traditional ceremonies. However, in daily life they are farmers. If the Minahasa is in a state of war, the kabasaran dancers become Waranei (soldiers of war). The basic form of this dance consists of nine sword (santi) steps or nine spear (wengkouw) steps with 4/4 horse steps consisting of two steps to the left and two steps to the right.
• Music
Tomohon have many music traditional there are :
– Kolintang
Kolintang is a musical instrument that originated from Minahasa Kolintang usually used as the accompaniment of a singer folk songs or just a musical instrument only. Kolintang already very popular in Indonesia even been promoted abroad. Kolintang played by a team, usually a team that consists of 5 to 6 people.

– Bamboo Music
Bamboo music is also traditional music from the Minahasa a team comprised 30-40 people there even more. Bamboo music from the Minahasa also been very popular in Indonesia do not even rare event outside of North Sulawesi is inviting a team of bamboo music.
Language
In Tomohon city their live not only use Manado language and Indonesian language, as language conversation to use Minahasa language. As we know in Minahasa have a 8 language to use in 8 ethnic , like Tountemboan, Tolour, Tombulu and etc.

CHAPTER 3
3.1 Closing
Conclusion and suggestion
A nice little town and the center of Christian Missionaries lays about 25 km from Manado. Located at 700 meters above sea level and between Mount Lokon and Mahawu and with a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius it is a place to cool off after the on hot air of Manado. The land around the village is covered with flowers.
Tomohon have many of uniqueness that can make this city have a good popularity. Many of potential that must our government share and promote to the world. The culture of Tomohon can make the tourists happy with maengket dance, and other culture. Tomohon city is a city of religious, so that the people in Tomohon city become a better person. With this report the writers can bring the positive impact so that the young generation know how about the Tomohon city and what the Tomohon city. So, we the young generation must conserve it, so that many tourists can visit in we beloved city is TOMOHON (FLOWER CITY).

3.2 Bibliography
http://www.wikipedia.com
http://www.google.com
http://www.north-sulawesi.org/minahasa.html
http://www.manado-hotels.asia/Mahawu_Trekking
http://www.theminahasa.net/social/stories/kabasaran.html

3.3 Attach